September 23, 2018

The Voice of the Great Revolution

Oleg Komolov

In 1967, in the Soviet Union, the publishing house Politizdat published a pamphlet entitled The Voice of the Great Revolution. The book consists of the texts of leaflets published by the Bolshevik Party from February 1917 to November 1920. - during the difficult period of the Party's work and strengthening its positions, the period of the uncompromising and bitter struggle of the working people of Russia for their liberation from the oppression of the exploiters.

According to the compilers, the publication of this collection is intended to help party and public organizations and propaganda personnel to adopt the documents of the Great October Revolution in their work on communist education.

You can read the most interesting texts of leaflets on the pages of the site "Communists of the Capital". What is characteristic is that many of the Bolshevik leaflets are relevant today. We bring to your attention the text of the introductory word of the brochure compilers.

Leaflets of the Revolution ... Living witnesses to the great achievements of October, the voice of history itself. Born in the fire of a brutal class battle, they carried the all-conquering ideas of Marxism-Leninism, the military appeals of the party, into the very midst of the revolutionary people. With a passionate word of their leaflets, appeals, appeals, the party collected the forces of the revolution, prepared the working people for the coming social bits, helped the revolutionary people to smash their class enemies, inspired it to fight for the defense and strengthening of socialist gains

Half a century has passed since those great days of October, when the insurgent proletariat of Petrograd, organized and united by the Bolshevik Party, struck a crushing blow to the bourgeois-landlord system, took power into its own hands and rose to defend the gains of the revolution. Touched by time, faded, shabby, leaflets recreate the heroic picture of the victorious days of October and the subsequent conquests of the revolutionary people on the battlefields and in peaceful creative work.

You look through them, you read them in their mean, but full lines of revolutionary pathos and, as if you see revolutionary Peter, you can hear the volleys of the Red Guards besieging the Winter, being carried to the trenches of the Civil War, to factories, factories, villages and villages of the first Soviet years.

In all the difficult, critical moments of the revolution, in the days of victories and defeats, the party invariably turned to the people: she called for the battle, hot word of her leaflets to fight with the enemy, with devastation and hunger. To the printed word, to the language of the leaflet, she resorted also when it was necessary to announce the victory.

... The historic night of October 25, 1917. The Provisional Government fell, the insurgent people won. Lenin writes his famous leaflet "To the Citizens of Russia!" Contemporary of the historical hours and days of the Great October Revolution, John Reed tells how this historical leaflet spread:

"Before the Smolny, a huge cluster of driving and leaving cars. Through their noise, deaf rumbles of distant cannonade were heard. The huge truck was shaking all over the engine. Some people gave him bundles of printed sheets, while others took and stacked them, holding rifles at hand.

"Where will you go?" I asked.

"Throughout the city!" - Answered me smiling little worker. He waved his hand wide and enthusiastically.

We showed our IDs. "Let's go with us!" - they invited us. "But maybe we will be shot at ..." We scrambled to the truck. The clutch lever shifted with a sharp screech, the huge car jerked forward ... Rushing past the fires at the inner and outer gates, red-lighted workers and rifles clustered around the fire, the car jumped up and down, waving from side to side, to Suvorovsky Avenue. One of our companions tore off the wrapper from one bundle and began to throw packs into the air. We began to help him. So we rushed through the dark streets, leaving a whole tail of flying white papers. Late passers-by stopped and picked them up. At the crossroads patrols left their bonfires and, raising their hands, they caught the sheets ...

I took one of the appeals and, using the rare street lights, somehow sorted out:

"To the citizens of Russia! .."

... There is a civil war, the country is surrounded by interventionists. The young Soviet state fights off its enemies. The Party throws a cry: "The Socialist Fatherland is in danger!" - and from the pages of the party press, leaflets call on the workers and peasants to defend their revolutionary achievements. Dozens, hundreds of thousands of working masses respond to the call of the party, go to the front, sparing no more of their lives.

... Devastation is increasing, hunger is growing. The call of the party is sounded by the alarm bell: to mobilize all forces to overcome economic difficulties, to rise on heroic struggle against hunger, for bread for the people! One by one, flyers, addresses, appeals fly to all ends of the young Soviet Russia.

... The counter-revolution is insolent, the most important vital centers of the country are under threat.

To repel the furious attacks of enemies and to defend the gains of October, it is necessary to create the armed forces of the Republic of Soviets. The Party and the young Soviet state appeal to "make every effort to re-establish the army", "to be built into the ranks of the Red Army." The powerful voice of the leaflets spread this cry across the cities and villages of the country. And thousands of workers and peasants responded to him, joined the ranks of courageous fighters of the revolution.

Many leaflets belong to the pen of VI Lenin. Like no other politician, Vladimir Ilyich deeply understood the powerful power of the printed word, mobilizing and organizing the role of the military political leaflet.

From the pages of many leaflets of those revolutionary years, the voice of the great Lenin is heard. In the difficult moments of revolutionary battles, on joyous days of success, he turns to workers, peasants, soldiers and the party. Filled with the greatest revolutionary pathos, the fiery lines of Lenin's leaflets and appeals reached the minds and hearts of the broadest masses of the people, raising them to battle against the old world, for the great socialist renewal of Russia.

Great October, the glorious fiftieth anniversary of which the Soviet people and the whole progressive world celebrate, left many documents. On their pages, the history of one of the greatest events in the history of mankind, the heroism of the insurgent people, the titanic activity of the party and its outstanding leader and organizer, VI Lenin, was postponed. Leaflets occupy an important place among these historical evidences.

Lenin urged: to follow the footsteps of the October fighters, to imitate their heroism. The Communist Party teaches us to educate the people on revolutionary traditions, to multiply and develop them. Leaflets, addresses, appeals are just telling about the immortal deeds of the October fighters, their exploits and heroism. In this sense, it is difficult to overestimate the power of their political influence, their role in the communist education of the people.

The publication of this collection aims to help the party and social organizations, ideological institutions, numerous propagandist cadres and the party to adopt the documents of the Great October Revolution in their work on communist education.

Time scattered leaflets and appeals on archival repositories, various publications.

Some of the documents in the past have been included in separate collections and have not been reprinted since; part of it remained on the newspaper pages of those years. For this reason, many of the documents are little known to the current reader, especially the young reader.

The present collection includes, of course, not all leaflets and addresses, but only a part of them - the volume of the book does not allow you to do more.

The documents are arranged in chronological order. The headings to some of them are given by the editors. The book is supplied with the necessary scientific and reference data: comments, pointers.