May 6, 2021

Declassified CIA Reports on Soviets

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There is no copyright for these declassified reports and documents within the USA.

For Educational purpose use only.

Documents are accessible from the CIA web site, “Reading Room. However, there is no Title to the documents other than the assigned numbers. One has to go through hundreds, if not thousands of documents in order to find out the content of each document.

Since I will be going through most of these documents for my research, I considered that compiling some selected documents may be helpful for other researchers

CONTENTS
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Declassified CIA Reports on Stalin

PDF DOWNLOAD  441 PAGES

There is no copyright for these declassified reports and documents within the USA.

For Educational purpose use only.

Documents are accessible from the CIA web site, “Reading Room. However, there is no Title to the documents other than the assigned numbers. One has to go through hundreds, if not thousands of documents in order to find out the content of each document.

Since I will be going through most of these documents for my research, I considered that compiling some selected documents may be helpful for other researchers

CONTENTS

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May 1, 2021

“...WAR... FOUGHT BY PROXY”. THE 1919-22 GREEK ASIA MINOR CAMPAIGN

RHENA SPANOU

“...WAR... FOUGHT BY PROXY”. THE 1919-22 GREEK ASIA MINOR CAMPAIGN

Since the voyage of Pytheas of Marseilles around 300 B.C. to Britain in search of tin, for which she was then renowned – considered to be the first contact between the Greeks and the British - the two peoples have often become involved - sometimes for a good cause, sometimes not. [BFCO]

During the Greek Struggle for Independence from the Ottoman Empire most Philhellenes who rallied to the support of the Greeks were British.

Venerated by all Greeks Lord Byron offered for the Greek cause his fortune and eventually his life. And the British Admiral Sir Edward Codrington commanded the combined British, French, and Russian fleet against the Turco-Egyptian fleet in October 1827 at the Battle of Navarino.

Subsequently Britain, France and Russia became in 1832 the "guarantors" of Greek independence. This role often gave them the opportunity to meddle in Greek affairs [BFCO] – often with the consent, not to say the encouragement - of Greek politicians.
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April 29, 2021

Reply To An Open Letter By A Bourgeois Specialist


Pravda No. 67, March 28, 1919

Collected Works, Volume 29, pages 228-232

Today I received the following:

 28 March, 1918

”An open letter of a ’specialist’ to Comrade Lenin.

“I read in Izvestia your report on the specialists, and I cannot suppress a cry of indignation. Don’t you really understand that not a single honest specialist, if he has retained the least shred of self-respect, can agree to go to work merely for the sake of the animal comforts with which you are offering to provide him? Have you retired so deeply into the seclusion of the Kremlin that you fail to see the life that is going around you, that you do not see how many of the Russian specialists, though not government Communists, are real workers, who acquired their special knowledge at the cost of extreme effort not from the capitalists and not for the purpose of making money but in persistent struggle against the deadly conditions of student and academic life under the old system? These conditions have not been improved for them under the communist government (to me this does not coincide with my conception of the communist system) Against these absolutely genuine proletarians—even though they come from different classes—who have served the working people by word, deed and thought from the very first days of their conscious life—against these, whom you lump together in a single contaminated heap of ‘intellectuals’, you incite ignorant, upstart Communists, former policemen, minor officials and shopkeepers, who in the provinces often constitute a large section of the ‘local authorities’, and it is difficult to describe the horrors of the humiliation and suffering they are experiencing. Continuous denunciation and accusations of the absurdest description, fruitless but extremely humiliating house searches, threats of shooting, requisitions and confiscations, invasion of the most private sides of personal life (a commander of a unit quartered in an educational establishment at which I teach actually ordered me to sleep in one bed with my wife), these are the conditions under which many specialists in establishments of higher learning were compelled to work until very lately. But all these ‘petty-bourgeois’ have remained at their posts and faithfully fulfilled the moral obligations they undertook to preserve, no matter at what sacrifice, culture and knowledge for those who humiliated and insulted them at the instigation of their leaders. They realised that their personal misfortunes and sorrows must not be confused with the question of building a new and better life; and this helped, and is helping them now, to bear it, and continue with their work.

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April 26, 2021

THE TRAGEDY OF GREECE - 1917-1923

S. P Phocas-Cosmetatos, 1926

 SUMMARY OF EVENTS FROM 1917 TO 1923

From the documents and facts given in these pages it will have been seen that the way this affair was presented to the public at the time was the most hideous imposture of the war, the greatest lie of modern times. What energy was wasted by great nation& to replace common sense by incoherence and to impose on world opinion a collection of legends which had not even the justification of serving the interests of the Entente!

 The moral and the essential meaning of this strange political tragedy are further revealed by the aftermath of the dethronement of Constantine. The train of events which resulted from it ends from the point of view of European history only with the signature of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923.

 The first act of M. Venizelos, for whose profit -the Greek nation had been tortured for more than two years, was to suspend the Constitution " in the name of the Greek people "! By what right did he speak in the name of his Greek fellow citizens?

 Having no national mandate to show, since his masters were not the Greek voters, he governed for three years as the agent of the foreigners who had installed him in Athens. Prisoner of the methods by which he had gained power, his action could only be destructive of all national life. He divided his fellow-citizens into two classes, patriots (his partisans) and traitors (his political opponents). Soon, every anti-Venizelist was proclaimed ipso facto guilty of treason and mercilessly persecuted., And as a tyrant never lacks instruments of tyranny, Venizelos always found Judges to condemn as many people as he saw fit to suspect.

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April 23, 2021

Confusion on the difference between Socialism and Communism

Subject of the last book endauver for which I have been working on over two years. 

Based on the selected articles on the subject by Marx, Engels Lenin and Stalin I will be elaborating on all the subject stated on the the schematic picture titled "Entire Transformation Period from Capitalism to Communism."

In summary; 

Socialism sets the foundation for communism, prepares not only the economy but the "minds", "habits" "morals", "ethics" of people for the transformation to the second phase- for the communist society. For this reason, to deny the possibility of socialism in one country, and thus not to wage struggle for it, is tantamount to denying communist society – thus, it is an anti-communist argument in disguise.

Socialism and communism are often used interchangeably in some settings, and thus are oftentimes confused. Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, and others - unless they specifically speaking of “communist society” in its scientific meaning - use the term “communism" in the sense of "socialist society", the first, lower phase of communism, a society which sets the foundation for "communist society”- second, higher phase of communism. They use the terms "socialism" and "communism" interchangeably not because they are the same type of society, but because, unlike the other type of societies which requires the use of force to transform from one to other, transition from socialism to communist society is voluntary and spontaneous, meaning that communism is born out of socialist society, not from top bottom but from bottom up. ..thus, one can call socialism as communism, but they are in no way same type of society. 

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March 22, 2021

TROTSKY AS AN INFORMER IN PURSUIT OF US VISA

William J. Chase
An anti-Stalin 
Professor of History at University of Pittsburgh

“Trotskii v Mekcike. K istorii ero neglasnykh kontaktov s pravitel'stvom SShA (1937-1940)” ("Trotsky in Mexico: Toward a History of His Informal Contacts with the U.S. Government, 1937-1940"), Otechestvennaia istoriia, 4 (July/August 1995)

Some of his books and writing;

Enemies Within the Gates? The Comintern and the Stalinist Repression, 1934-1939 (Yale University Press, 2001).

Workers, Society and the Soviet State: Labor and Life in Moscow, 1918-1929, (University of Illinois Press, Studies of the W. Averell Harriman Institute, 1987, 1990).
“Scapegoating One’s Comrades in the USSR, 1934-1937,” in James Harris and Sarah Davies, ed., Anatomy of Terror. Political Violence under Stalin (Oxford University Press, 2013)

“Micro-history and Mass Repression: Politics, Personalities, and Revenge in the Fall of Béla Kun,” Russian Review (July 2008),
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