March 2, 2018

Stalin Letters & Soviet Documents - Links

  • JUNE, 1934
    Letter of Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov
    Governor Shicai Sheng expresses his firm belief in Communism, his desire to overthrow the Nanjing Government and construct a Communist state in its place, and the need to establish a Communist Party branch in Xinjiang. Emphasizing his long study of Marxist theory, he requests that Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov allow him to join the Communist Party.
  • JULY 27, 1934
    Letter from Stalin to Cde. G. Apresov, Consul General in Urumqi
    Stalin compares Sheng Shicai, Governor of Xinjiang, to "a provocateur or an hopeless 'leftist'."
  • JULY 27, 1934
    Letter from Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov to Governor Sheng Shicai
    While expressing appreciate for Sheng's role in pacifying Xinjiang and expressing their firm trust in him, Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov deny his request to join the Communist Party and express their disagreement with the opinions he expressed in his earlier letter. Citing Xinjiang's economic backwardness, they condemn the rapid implementation of Communism in Xinjiang as a "ludicrous" idea and also advise against overthrowing the Nanjing government.
  • NOVEMBER 01, 1934
    Letter from Governer Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov
    Responding to Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov's letter of 27 July, Sheng expresses his agreement with their assertions about Xinjiang's unsuitability for Communist rule and the inadvisability of overthrowing the Nanjing government. Accepting that he cannot become a member of the Communist Party at this time, Sheng expresses his gratitude for the Soviet assistance he has received and requests that he and Consul General Apresov be permitted to travel to Moscow.


    • MARCH 19, 1935
      Politburo Decision of 19 March 1935 concerning Xinjiang
      The Politburo transfers NKVD members currently working in Eastern Siberia and Central Asia to Xinjiang.


    • MARCH 22, 1935
      The Distribution of the Sovsin'torg Trade Loan
      A breakdown of how a Soviet loan to Xinjiang will be utilized.


    • MARCH 22, 1935
      Memorandum Concerning Cde. Kaganovich's Proposals for Xinjiang
      The Politburo approves Comrade Kaganovich's proposals for further action in Xinjiang.


    • MARCH 22, 1935
      VKP(b) CC Politburo Decree concerning Xinjiang
      A Central Committee report on Soviet-Xinjiang trrade and the economy in Xinjiang more generally.


    • JULY 16, 1935
      Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 42 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings
      The Politburo orders an increase in the number of Soviet trade officials in Kumul and Aksu.


    • AUGUST 05, 1935
      Concerning the Release of Money to the NKVD
      The CPSU Politburo releases 1.2 million rubles to support individuals arriving in the Soviet Union from Xinjiang.


    • SEPTEMBER 13, 1935
      Politburo Decisions of 13 September 1935 Concerning Xinjiang
      The Politburo directs manpower and funds to support the Xinjiang army and accepts the text of an agreement between the Mongolian People's Republic and Manchukuo on the issue of a border commission.


    • SEPTEMBER 29, 1935
      Politburo Decisions of 29 September 1935 Concerning Xinjiang
      The Politburo prohibits NKVD officers in Xinjiang from deviating from the approved political line and proposes developing oil near the border under the guise of Xinjiang production.


    • OCTOBER 01, 1935
      Concerning the Sale of Soviet Military Equipment to the Xinjiang Government
      The Politburo orders military equipment, including U-2 aircraft, small arms, and clothing, from NKO stocks to be sold to the Xinjiang government.


    • OCTOBER 03, 1935
      Concerning Relations with the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)
      The Politburo orders the NKVD to seek, with the cooperation of Ma Zhongying, commander of the 36th Division of the National Revolutionary Army, the departure of the NRA division commanders most hostile to the Xinjiang government. The Politburo also instructs the NKVT and NKID to commence trade with the 36th Division immediately.


    • NOVEMBER 15, 1935
      Concerning Cde. Apresov's Gifts to Leaders in Xinjiang
      The Politburo orders objects to be released to the disposition of Cde. Apresov, the General Consul in Urumqi, for distribution as gifts to government officials in Xinjiang.


      • 1936
        Telegram from Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov to G. Apresov, Consul General in Urumqi
        Stalin, Molotov, Voroshilov express alarm about Shicai Sheng's red corner and discussions about the possible Sovietization of Xinjiang, reported in an earlier telegram from G. Apresov. They reaffirm that the USSR has no territorial claims on China, denies any plans for the Sovietization of Xinjiang, and declares its firm support for China in its struggle of independence from Japan, Britain, and other imperialist countries.


      • FEBRUARY 07, 1936
        Concerning Negotiations with Ma Zhongying of the 36th Devision of the National Revolutionary Army
        The Politburo accepts Ma Zhongying's proposal and recommends that the Urumqi government agree to appropriate concessions in peace talks with the 36th Division.


      • FEBRUARY 28, 1936
        Concerning the Protection of the USSR from Espionage and Sabotage
        The Politburo adopts measures to protect the Soviet Union from the penetration of terrorist, espionage, and sabotage elements.


      • MARCH 09, 1936
        Concerning the Proposals of Cde. Voroshilov on Foreign Intelligence
        The Politburo approves the proposals of Cde. Voroshilov concerning intelligence work abroad.


      • MARCH 17, 1936
        Concerning the Special Purpose Geological Expedition in Xinjiang
        The Politburo orders the NKTP Special Purpose Geological Expedition in Xinjiang to continue prospecting for tin, tungsten, and molybdenum, allocating rubles and workers to support their efforts.


      • MARCH 29, 1936
        Concerning the Maintenance of Peoples from Xinjiang
        The Politburo orders to release of over 1.2 million rubles to the NKVD to support the maintenance of peoples from Xinjiang.


      • JUNE 17, 1936
        Concerning Soviet Trade with Xinjiang
        The Politburo reduces the import plan for Xinjiang after a cattle plague and poor cotton harvest, while ordering the export plans to remain at their current level.


      • JULY 16, 1936
        On Soviet Trade Officials in Xinjiang
        The CPSU Politburo increases the number of Soviet trade officials in Xinjiang.


      • OCTOBER 04, 1936
        Letter from Sheng Shicai to Cde. V. M. Molotov
        Governor Shicai Sheng of Xinjiang praises the Soviet Union and expresses gratitude to Cde. V. M. Molotov for the "moral and material friendly aid" Xinjiang has received from the Soviet Union while expressing regret that he will be unable to accompany Apresov, the Consul General in Urumqi, on his visit to the Soviet Union.


        • FEBRUARY 16, 1937
          Concerning Soviet Geological Exploration Work in Xinjiang
          The Politburo orders that the Special Expedition of the NKTP continue its work in the territory of Xinjiang, namely exploring and mining in the Surtassky deposit and the Ili [Yili] District, through 1937.


        • APRIL 04, 1937
          Concerning a Peace Settlement in Kashgar
          The Politburo orders both the governor of Kashgar and Cde. Smirnov to appeal to Mamut to resolve his disputes with the Urumqi government peacefully. In the event that Mamut begins conducting military opeartions against the Urumqi government, the Politburo orders Cdes. Frinovsky and Uritsky to prepare a plan of military measures against the Uighur division.


        • APRIL 08, 1937
          Concerning Military Operations in Xinjiang
          The Soviet Politburo directs Cde. Frinovsky to suggest that division commander Ma Hushan of the Chinese National Revolutionary Army intercept Mamut and disarm him.


        • APRIL 19, 1937
          Concerning Actions to be Taken Against the Command of the 6th Division of the NRA
          Noting that the command staff of the 6th Division of the Chinese National Revolutionary Army is hostile to the Urumqi government, the Politburo orders that the units be disarmed and the command staff arrested. The Politburo also orders that a group of energetic Chinese and Uighurs from Kashgar be sent to organize a government in Yarkant.


        • MAY 17, 1937
          Concerning Support for Chinese Troops in Kashgaria
          The Politburo orders Soviet aircraft, armored cars, and pilots be sent to assist the Chinese command in suppressing the rebels in Kashgaria.


        • MAY 28, 1937
          Concerning Song Ziwen's Travel
          The Politburo recommends that the governor of Xinjiang permit Song Ziwen to travel to Urumqi.


        • JUNE 14, 1937
          Concerning the 36th Division of the NRA's Appeals to the Soviet Government
          In response to Ma Hushan's (commander of the 36th Division of the NRA) request for Soviet assistance in Xinjiang and the release of Ma Zhongying from the Soviet Union, the Politburo resolves that it will provide assistance only after the leadership of the 36th Division concludes an agreement with the Xinjiang government and establishes peace in the south of Xinjiang.


        • JULY 29, 1937
          Concerning Soviet Military Operations in Xinjiang
          The Politburo orders two regiments be sent into Xinjiang to prevent the advance of the 36th Division. It also orders that Ma Zhongying continue to be detained and recommends that the governor of Xinjiang avoid an agreement with Ma Hushan.


        • SEPTEMBER 22, 1937
          Concerning Travel of the Civil Air Fleet to Xinjiang
          The Politburo orders the Civil Air Fleet to send a transport aircraft to make several trips between Urumqi and Kashgar in coordination with the NKID and NKVD.


        • SEPTEMBER 24, 1937
          Concerning Alleged Plots Against Governor Sheng Shicai
          The Politburo decides to send an experienced investigator to investigate an alleged plot against Sheng Shicai, the governor of Xinjiang.


        • NOVEMBER 10, 1937
          Letter from Governor Sheng Shicai to Cde. V. M. Molotov
          Sheng Shicai expresses gratitude to Cde. V. M. Molotov for Soviet assistance with eliminating the 36th Division of the NRA from the South of Xinjiang and combating a Trotskyist plot in Xinjiang. He requests Molotov's assistance with "implementing the policy of the six principles" in Xinjiang and turning it into a model province.





        • JANUARY 09, 1938
          Concerning Troop Movements through Xinjiang
          The Politburo recommends that Sheng Shicai advise Jiang Jieshi to permit the regiment currently stationed in Erlizihe to proceed to its designated location.


        • JANUARY 10, 1938
          Concerning NKVD Operations in Xinjiang
          The Politburo orders the NKVD to deploy a reinforced cavalry regiment and an attached RKKA fighter squadron to the area of Hami, allocating additional tanks, automobiles, and gasoline trucks to support their operations. It also provides recommended changes to Shicai Sheng's military policy in Xinjiang.


        • MARCH 10, 1938
          Report on Imre Nagy’s Arrest by the NKVD (Commissariat of Internal Affairs)
          Matusov and Altman report on Nagy's arrest on 4/5 March 1938 and subsequent release on 8 March, and describe some of his work.


        • SEPTEMBER 02, 1938
          A Conversation Between Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov and the Governor Shicai Sheng which Occurred in the Kremlin on 2 September 1938
          Stalin, Molotov, Voroshilov, and Governor Sheng discuss Xinjiang's military, level of industrialization, and natural resources, as well as Governor Sheng's strong desire to join the Communist Party.



          • JANUARY 04, 1939
            Translation of a Letter from Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov
            Governor Sheng Shicai expresses gratitude to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov for the opportunity to visit Moscow. After reporting critical remarks made by Fang Lin against the Soviet Union and the Communist Party, Sheng Shicai requests that the All-Union Communist Party dispatch a politically experienced person to Urumqi to discuss Party training and asks that the Comintern order the Chinese Communist Party in Xinjiang to liquidate the Party organization.


          • JANUARY 10, 1939
            Concerning Soviet Troops in Xinjiang
            The Politburo transfers Soviet military units deployed in Xinjiang and supervision of the Xinjiang army to the control of the People's Commissariat of Defense.


          • JANUARY 11, 1939
            Concerning the Work of the NKVD Special Departments
            The Politburo describes the work of the NKVD Special Departments, which are charged with fighting counterrevolution, espionage, and other anti-Soviet activity in the Red Army, Navy, and NKVD. To accomplish these tasks, the Special Departments organize an apparatus of informers and conduct searches and seizures.


          • MARCH 07, 1939
            Letter from People’s Commissariat of Power Plants and Electrical Industry to the Council of People’s Commissars of USSR, 'On the Organization of the Research Activities on the Nuclear Atom'
            In this letter the Soviet minister proposed to the Soviet government to concentrate the nuclear research in Ukrainian Institute of Physic and Technology (UIPhT) and to locate in Kharkov the nuclear scientists from Leningrad Institute of Physic and Technology because Kharkov institute had very good base for the nuclear studies. If this proposal was realized Kharkov could become more important Soviet nuclear center than Moscow or Sarov. In any case this letter of people’s commissar recognized the prominent role of the Ukrainian Institute of Physic and Technology (UIPhT) in the Soviet nuclear science.


          • SEPTEMBER, 1939
            Secret Supplementary Protocols of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact, 1939
            Secret Texts of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact, 1939


          • DECEMBER 28, 1939
            Concerning the NKVD's Monitoring of International Communications
            The Politburo describes changes to its existing procedures for monitoring international communications, including requiring the NKVD to monitor all international conversations of foreign embassy officials and journalists, prohibiting private citizens from making international calls, and increasing the NKVD's work to identify illegal radio stations operating within foreign embassies.


            • FEBRUARY 17, 1940
              The Ambassador in the Soviet Union (Steinhardt) to the Secretary of State
              Ambassador Steinhardt on rumors that the Soviet Union is planning to take control of Latvia and Estonia.


            • FEBRUARY 22, 1940
              Letter from State Plan of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic to Academy of Sciences of USSR, 'About the Rationality of the Cyclotron Construction in UIPhT'
              This letter informed the Academy of Sciences that UIPhT asked the government of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic to allocate 75 thousand rubles for designing of the cyclotron, and 1,5 million rubles for its building. The State Plan asked an advice on necessity to build the cyclotron.


            • FEBRUARY 28, 1940
              Letter from Director of the Institute of Physical Problems Petr Kapitsa to State Plan of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, 'About Cyclotron of Ukrainian Institute of Physics and Technology'
              This document is an answer to the letter from State Plan of Ukrainian Soviet Socialistic Republic to Academy of Sciences of USSR “About Rationality to Construct Cyclotron in UIPhT” (22 Feb 1940). The answer of academician Petr Kapitsa to this letter was very critical. Kapitsa wrote that UIPhT “during the last several years built a number of research installation but did not finish them. However it started to build new installations. Such activities of UIPhT can’t be considered as normal”. So Petr Kapitsa discouraged building a cyclotron in UIPhT, and this was one of the reasons why this institute did not become the leading nuclear center in USSR.


            • MARCH 14, 1940
              Concerning the Secret Cipher Unit of the USSR Consulate in Urumqi
              The Politburo directs the NKVD to permit the division of the combined secret cipher unit of the USSR Consulate General and Trade Mission in Urumqi into independent secret cipher units.


            • APRIL 17, 1940
              Conclusion of Radium Institute of Academy of Sciences on Invention of UIPhT Fellows Sent to Agency of Military Chemical Defense
              In this letter two nuclear scientists from UIPhT described the construction of the nuclear bomb and proposed to start activities in producing of the nuclear arsenal and make these activities secret. Two Ukrainian physicists were first Soviet scientists who revealed the way of producing the nuclear weapon (of course they did not know about the similar inventions of the western scientists which were made at the same time because of secrecy regime).


            • MAY 09, 1940
              Memorandum to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU on Troop Strength Orders for the Red Army, 9 May 1940
              Memorandum to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU on Troop strength orders for the Red Army, May 9, 1940. Proposals for strengthening of Soviet armed forces.


            • MAY 29, 1940
              The Chargé in the Soviet Union (Thurston) to the Secretary of State
              The Soviet Union threatens intervention in Lithuania due to the alleged "disappearance of men from Soviet military garrison established in Lithuania."


            • MAY 30, 1940
              The Minister in Latvia (Wiley) to the Secretary of State
              Officials express concern about the Soviet Union's aggressive actions toward Lithuania.


            • JUNE 07, 1940
              The Minister in Latvia (Wiley) to the Secretary of State
              Lithuanian, Latvian, and Estonian officials all anticipate that the Soviet Union will take measure to control the Baltic states.


            • JUNE 09, 1940
              Concerning Funding for the Red Army
              The Soviet Politburo directs the NKO to approve over 9 million rubles in hard currency expenses for the 5th Directorate of the Red Army for 1940.


            • JUNE 15, 1940
              The Chargé in the Soviet Union (Thurston) to the Secretary of State
              The Lithuanian government has accepted an ultimatum from the Soviet Union demanding that officials be brought to trial, the number of Soviet troops increased, and the Lithuanian government reorganized.


            • JUNE 16, 1940
              The Chargé in Estonia (Leonard) to the Secretary of State
              The Soviet Union has demanded that Estonia and Latvia allow Soviet troops to enter both countries.


            • JULY 23, 1940
              Welles Declaration, Department of State Press Release, 'Statement by the Acting Secretary of State, the Honorable Sumner Welles'
              Later referred to as the "Welles Declaration," this statement by acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles condemned the 1940 Soviet occupation of the Baltic states and set United States policy of refusing to recognize the new Soviet governments of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.


            • OCTOBER, 1940
              Technical Proposal of F. Lange, V. Maslov, and V. Shpinel, 'Fission of Uranium Isotopes by Using Method of Coriolis Acceleration'
              Kharkov Institute scientists proposed in this document the concrete steps to build a nuclear weapon. The document demonstrates that Ukrainian physicists understood how to receive weapons grade uranium and elaborated concrete technical proposals to achieve this goal through uranium enrichment in centrifuge.


            • OCTOBER 17, 1940
              Claim for an Invention from V. Maslov and V. Shpinel, 'About Using of Uranium as an Explosive and Toxic Agent'
              In this letter two nuclear scientists from UIPhT described the construction of the nuclear bomb and proposed to start activities in producing of the nuclear arsenal and make these activities secret. Two Ukrainian physicists were first Soviet scientists who revealed the method of producing a nuclear weapon (of course they did not know about the similar inventions of western scientists which were made at the same time under great secrecy).


            • OCTOBER 26, 1940
              Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 21 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings
              The Soviet Politburo charges Narkomtsvetmet with concluding a 50 year concession agreement for the right to explore and exploit mineral deposits in Xinjiang and establishes a Directorate of Concessions for Exploration, Prospecting, and Exploitation of the Deposits of Tin in Xinjiang.


              • JANUARY, 1941
                Claim for an Invention from F. Lange and V. Maslov, 'Thermocirculation centrifuge'
                This document’s proposal about centrifuge received positive assessments from the leading Soviet academicians in Moscow.


              • JANUARY 29, 1941
                Notes from the Meeting between Comrade Stalin and Economists Concerning Questions in Political Economy, 29 January 1941
                Notes from L.A. Leont’ev's January 1941 meeting with Stalin, regarding drafts of two commissioned textbooks on political economy. Stalin gives his views on "planning", "wages", "fascism", and other issues.


              • FEBRUARY, 1941
                Conclusion of National Institute of Chemical Studies of Soviet National Committee of Defence on Invention of UIPhT Fellows Which Was Sent to Agency of Military Chemical Defense
                In this document, leading Soviet scientists criticize the idea of Kharkov physicists to use Uranium in military goals, because they do not believe it is possible to realize nuclear fission in the current practical conditions faced. The Soviet National Committee of Defence received these skeptical assessments in 1941 and decided not to develop the military nuclear program.


              • FEBRUARY, 1941
                Letter from V.A. Maslov to People’s Commissar of Defence of USSR, 'About Necessity to Organize Activities in Using of Atomic Energy in the Military Goals'
                In this letter from Victor Maslov to People's Commisar of Defence, Marshal Timoshenko, Maslov makes one final attempt to persuade Soviet leadership to start a military nuclear program, despite the strong criticism from leading Moscow scientists toward the idea.


              • MARCH 07, 1941
                Concerning the Sin'tszyanolovo Concession in Xinjiang
                The Soviet Politburo approves the Narkomtsvetmet's 1941 work plan for the Sin'tszyanolovo concession and outlines the tasks related to the concession for which the NKVD, NKO, Civil Air Fleet, Narkomtsvetmet, and the Council of Ministers are respectively responsible.


              • MARCH 07, 1941
                Work Plan of the Narkomtsvetmet Sin'tszysnolovo Concession for 1941
                The Narkomtsvetmet (People's Commissariat of Nonferrous Metallurgy) outlines the work plan for the Sin'tszyanolovo concession in 1941, including exploration work for tin and tungsten in the Bortala River basin and conducting a geological survey and prospecting for mineral deposits in the Altai, Kashgar, Ghulja, and Hotan districts.


              • APRIL 19, 1941
                Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings
                The Politburo issued 5.25 million rubles to support the NKO's operations in the Mongolian People's Republic and Xinjiang, the independent NKVD rifle battalion in Xinjiang, and the topographic detachment in Xinjiang until the end of 1941.


              • JUNE, 1941
                Report from the People’s Committee of Internal Affairs to the Central Committee of the Hungarian Communist Party, about Agent 'Volodya' (Imre Nagy)
                Sverdlov provides a brief overview of agent "Volodya" (Imre Nagy) and his work.


              • JUNE 25, 1941
                Statement by the Latvian Minister (Bilmanis)
                Statement by the Latvian Ambassador to the United States on the Soviet occupation of Latvia.


              • AUGUST, 1941
                Report by Vyshinsky to Molotov Concerning Trade and Economic Cooperation Between the Soviet Union and the United States
                Report by Vyshinsky to Molotov concerning trade and economic cooperation between the Soviet Union and the United States, August 1941


              • DECEMBER 09, 1941
                Cable from Dimitrov to Stalin, Molotov, Beria, and Malenkov
                Cable to top Soviet officials advising against reviving the Communist Party of Iran, and instead advising its members to work through the People's Party. Kuybyshev believes the Communist Party would be too small to be significant, and would give British and Nazi agents in Iran an opportunity to turn Iranian elites against the Soviet Union.


                • MARCH 20, 1942
                  Concerning Signing of an Agreement with the Government of Xinjiang about the Operation of the Dushanzi Refinery
                  The Politburo approves the establishment of a mixed Soviet-Xinjiang company to operate the Dushanzi Refinery and outlines the company's management and funding structure.


                • MAY 04, 1942
                  Excerpt from Operations Log of the Urumqi Military Hospital
                  The record describes the fatal injuries suffered Sheng Shiqi, the Commander of the Mechanized Brigade of Xinjiang, and brother of Sheng Shicai.


                • MAY 10, 1942
                  Letter from Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov
                  Governor Sheng describes the investigation into Sheng Shiqi's (the Commander of the Mechanized Brigade of Xinjiang) death, which revealed that Chen Xiuying (his wife) murdered him under pressure from Xiao Zuoxin, the assistant to the Director of the Urumqi office of the Native Corporation. He also reports that Kruglov, Soviet advisor for trade matters, intentionally disrupted trade between the Soviet Union and Xinjiang because of the Xinjiang government's alleged anti-Soviet attitude.


                • JULY 03, 1942
                  Letter from Cde. V. M. Molotov to Governor Shicai Sheng
                  Molotov rejects all the accusations leveled against Cdes. Bakulin, Rakov, and other senior Soviet officials in Governor Sheng's earlier letter as completely unfounded and criticizes his repression of senior figures in the Xinjiang government. Molotov also expresses his belief that "secret agents of an imperialist power hostile to China" have made Sheng their tool.


                • JULY 07, 1942
                  Letter to the Soviet Ambassador in Chongqing
                  At the instruction of the Soviet government and Cde. Stalin personally, the Soviet ambassador to China is instructed to inform Chiang Kai-shek of the worrying views expressed by Shicai Sheng in his recent letter to Stalin, Voroshilov, and Molotov and present him with the text of Molotov's reply.


                • SEPTEMBER 28, 1942
                  Decree No. 2352 cc of Ukrainian State Committee of Defence
                  This famous, de-classified document officially started the Soviet atomic project aimed at producing the nuclear bomb. The second point of this document orders the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences to establish a plan for the project of Uranium enrichment. F. Lange, a scientist from the Ukraine Institute of Physics and Technology, was appointed as head of this project because he worked previously on theoretical aspects of Uranium enrichment.


                  • FEBRUARY, 1943
                    Report of Secretariat of Council of People’s Commissars of USSR to V.M. Molotov, 'About the Implementing of Decree No. 2352 cc of State Committee of Defence'
                    This report, sent from the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR to V.M. Molotov, informs Molotov that the project for Uranium enrichment was prepared by F. Lange and his colleagues by December, 1942. The installation of this project was planned to be produced outside of Ukraine, in a facility in Kasan.


                  • APRIL 01, 1943
                    Note of I.Kurchatov for M. Pervukhin, 'About Necessity to Demobilize V.M. Kelman'
                    In this document, the "father" of the first Soviet nuclear bomb, Igor Kurchatov, asks the chief of the Soviet ministry of energy, Pervukhin, to help demobilize the Ukranian physicist Veniamin Kelman, who was a fellow of UIPhT before the war. In this note Kurchatov writes about the high quality of the Ukrainian nuclear scientist and about his importance for the development of the Soviet nuclear program. This document once again demonstrates that Ukraine played a significant role in the Soviet military nuclear program.


                  • MAY 04, 1943
                    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 40 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings
                    The CPSU Central Committee announces that it "cannot tolerate such provocative activity" of Xinjiang Governor Sheng Shicai and that it will provide support to rebels "in their struggle against the repressive colonialist policy of the Governor."


                  • JUNE 10, 1943
                    Concerning a Spiritual Directorate of Muslims of Central Asia and Kazakhstan
                    The Politburo directs the NKVD to permit the organization of a Spiritual Directorate of Muslims of Central Asia and Kazakhstan.


                  • NOVEMBER 17, 1943
                    Federal Bureau of Investigation Telegram Requesting Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov
                    Permission is requested to install microphone surveillance on the hotel room of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.


                  • NOVEMBER 17, 1943
                    J. Edgar Hoover Message Authorizing Hotel for Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov
                    FBI Director Hoover grants a request for the rental of hotel rooms for surveillance of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.


                  • NOVEMBER 22, 1943
                    Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov
                    Report on the arrival of Soviet film director Mikhail K. Kalatozov in Los Angeles and his activities meeting with members of the movie industry as an official representative of the Soviet film committee. A reception in his honor was given by the National Council of Soviet-American Friendship which was attended by Charlie Chaplin.


                  • NOVEMBER 24, 1943
                    Memorandum for D. M. Lade on Microphone Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov
                    Memorandum regarding a request for microphone surveillance of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.


                  • NOVEMBER 26, 1943
                    The Cairo Declaration
                    Roosevelt, Churchhill, and Jiang Jieshi declare that they are "fighting this war to restraint and punish the aggression of Japan."


                  • NOVEMBER 26, 1943
                    J. Edgar Hoover Message Authorizing Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov
                    FBI Director Hoover grants a request for microphone surveillance of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.


                    • 1944
                      Letter from General Zygmunt Berling to General Julian Skokowski
                      General Berling instructs General Skokowski on what actions to take if the Warsaw Uprising fails. His forces are to withdraw to the Kampinowska Forest or meet Gen. Berling's forces to the east of Zoliborz.


                    • 1944
                      The Truth about the Events in Xinjiang
                      An anonymous report on Soviet-Guomindang relations in Xinjiang, and political developments in Xinjiang since 1933.


                    • 1944
                      Report on the Political and Economic Situation in Tabriz in 1943
                      A report detailing the political and economic situation in Tabriz in 1943, detailing, among other things, leadership, local government, and elections. There is emphasis placed on the Soviet role in the region and how it will affect outcomes.


                    • FEBRUARY 09, 1944
                      Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov
                      Report on contacts made by Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov with Soviet embassy officials and members of the American film industry.


                    • MARCH 12, 1944
                      Letter from Homi Bhabha to Sir Dorab of Tata Trust
                      Dr. Homi Bhabha’s letter to Dr. Sorab detailing the poor condition of applied research in India due to lack of pure research workers and a hope to remedy the problem by building an advanced physics university in Bombay.


                    • MARCH 18, 1944
                      Letter, Dimitrov to Molotov, 'The Situation in the People's Party of Iran'
                      Message from Dimitrov to Molotov about the 1944 Iranian elections and the upcoming merger of the country's trade unions. Dimitrov attributes the People's Party's loss in the election to corruption among its opponents, but states that the campaign for the People's Party was successful in introducing its ideas to Iranian citizens.


                    • MARCH 23, 1944
                      Letter No. 93 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King
                      L.D. Wilgress and the Chinese Ambassador to Moscow, Fu Bingchang (Foo Ping-sheung), discuss Soviet movements in Xinjiang.


                    • APRIL 03, 1944
                      Cyper No. 105 the Canadian Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, Ottawa
                      The Canadian Ambassador in Moscow reports, on the basis of Soviet newspapers, that turmoil is ongoing along the Xinjiang-Mongolia border.


                    • APRIL 15, 1944
                      Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov
                      Report on contacts made by Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov with Soviet embassy officials and members of the American film industry.


                    • APRIL 22, 1944
                      Federal Bureau of Investigation Letter to Assistant Secretary of State Adolf A. Berle
                      The FBI states that a confidential source reports that Kalatozov is meeting with Nelson Rockefeller regarding distributing Soviet films to South America. The signature is difficult to read but is likely J. Edgar Hoover.


                    • APRIL 28, 1944
                      Record of a Conversation between I. V. Stalin and the Roman Catholic Priest Stanislaus Orlemanski about the Feelings of the Polish Nationals in the United States toward the USSR
                      Stalin and Stanislaus Orlemanski, an American priest of Polish-American heritage, discuss America's perception of the Soviet Union, and the relationship between Poland and the Soviet Union.


                    • MAY 11, 1944
                      State Defense Committee Decree No. 5859ss - On the Crimean Tatars
                      Acts of the Crimean Tatars during the Second World War and their subsequent punishment.


                    • MAY 17, 1944
                      Record of the Conversation of Comrade I.V. Stalin and Comrade V.M. Molotov with Polish Professor Lange
                      Stalin meetings with Oscar Richard Lange, professor of economics at Chicago University. They discuss the Polish Army, the Polish government-in-exile in London, the formation of a new Polish state following the war.


                    • MAY 21, 1944
                      Report from Mikoyan to Stalin and Molotov regarding Lend-Lease shipments from the United States from 1 October 1941 to 1 May 1944
                      Report from Mikoyan to Stalin and Molotov, 21 May 1944, on Lend-Lease shipments from the United States between 1 October 1941 and 1 May 1944.


                    • MAY 29, 1944
                      Telegram from Nikishov to Beria - Henry A. Wallace’s visit to the city of Magadan
                      Ivan Nikishov reports to NKVD Commissar Beria on Vice President Henry Wallace's activities while visiting Magadan, Siberia in 1944.


                    • MAY 31, 1944
                      Letter No. 180 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King
                      Fu Bingchang (Foo Ping-sheung) relays his views on relations among the Great Powers, Soviet involvement in Xinjiang, and the rifts between the Nationalists and Communists within China.


                    • JUNE 01, 1944
                      Memorandum for J. Edgar Hoover on Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov's Status
                      A confidential source reports that a State Department official informed the Soviet embassy that film director Kalatozov's activities fall within the purview of the Registration Act, and he must register with the Department of Justice as an agent of foreign country.


                    • JUNE 05, 1944
                      Letter to Deputy USSR People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs Kavtaradze and the USSR Ambassador to Iran Makisimov from Vice-Consul of the USSR General Consulate in Tabriz Marchenko
                      Letter forwarding a report about the political and economic situation of the consular district of the USSR General Consulate in Tabriz for 1943.


                    • JUNE 05, 1944
                      Letter to J. Edgar Hoover on Mikhail Kalatozov
                      A heavily redacted letter from Ottawa reporting on foreign contacts made by Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov in Canada and Mexico.


                    • JUNE 05, 1944
                      Record of Conversation with Cde. Lin Zuhan, Chairman of the Special Region
                      Godunov reports on Lin Zuhan's comments on relations between the Guomindang the Chinese Commuinist Party, the situation in Chongqing, and recent developments in Xinjiang.


                      • JUNE 06, 1944
                        List of Names of American Aviators Captured on Romanian Territory on the 6th Day of June, 1944
                        The document lists the names, ranks, ages, serial numbers and cities of origin for 25 American aviators capture in Romania on June 6, 1944.

                      • JUNE 06, 1944
                        Telegram from Nikishov to Beria - Henry A. Wallace’s visit to the city of Magadan
                        Telegram from Ivan Nikishov, to NKVD Commissar Beria. Nikishov reports on a visit by US Vice President Henry A. Wallace, who toured the Soviet Far East in May 1944. Nikishov was the Head of Dalstroi, the "Far North Construction Trust," part of the Soviet Gulag system which oversaw mining using forced labor in the Russian Far East. Nikishov quotes a number of positive comments from Wallace, as well as questions he had about Dalstroi's operations, such as the total quantity of gold mined.

                      • JUNE 13, 1944
                        Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov
                        Report on contacts made by Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov with Soviet embassy officials and members of the American film industry, including Orson Welles.

                      • JUNE 14, 1944
                        Federal Bureau of Investigation Teletype Reporting Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov
                        Report that a microphone has been installed for surveillance of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.

                      • JUNE 23, 1944
                        Notes of Stalin's Speech during a Reception at the Kremlin on 23 June 1944 to Celebrate the Achievement of the Agreement to Create the Polish Provisional Government of National Unity
                        A refection on Stalin's 1944 speech commemorating the creation of the Polish Provisional Government discusses the history of Russo-Polish relations and Poland's need to have many powerful allies in the coming years.

                      • JUNE 24, 1944
                        Decree by the USSR Council of People’s Commissars on Establishing a School in Tabriz
                        A decree by Molotov discussing plans to establish a school in Tabriz with instruction in the Azerbaijani language.

                      • JUNE 26, 1944
                        Record of a Conversation with Percy Chen
                        D. Godnunov reports that he discussed military developments in the Sino-Japanese War with Percy Chen, as well as the visit to China made by US Vice President Henry Wallace.

                      • JULY 05, 1944
                        Telegram from Nikishov to Beria - Wallace's Goodbye Message
                        Telegram from Ivan Nikishov, to NKVD Commissar Beria. Nikishov reports on Vice President Henry Wallace's goodbye message after completing his visit to the Soviet Far East in May 1944.

                      • JULY 18, 1944
                        Telegram from Plyshevsky to Cde. N.I. Baskakov
                        PLyshevsky forwards records of conversation with Percy Chen and Lin Zuhan.

                      • JULY 31, 1944
                        Telegram from Plyshevky to Cde. N.I. Baskakov
                        Plyshevsky forwards conversations with Pery Chen and Dong Biwu to Cde. Baskakov.

                      • AUGUST 16, 1944
                        Federal Bureau of Investigation Telegram on Mikhail Kalatozov
                        A source indicated that film director Mikhail Kalatozov will be returning to the Soviet Union.

                      • AUGUST 23, 1944
                        Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov
                        Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov has left Los Angeles for New York and Washington, DC, and will likely be returning home to the Soviet Union. A list of contacts by Kalatozov's staff and his wife to various American film producers and directors is recorded, including Orson Welles.

                      • SEPTEMBER, 1944
                        Memorandum by George Kennan , 'Russia – Seven Years Later' (excerpt)
                        George Kennan describes Stalin's character, underlining the importance of his nationality, ignorance of the west, and his seclusion. Kennan further warns that Stalin's advisors are not interested in collaborating with western democracies, and that Russia's internal police regime is developed beyond its foreign policy.

                      • SEPTEMBER 11, 1944
                        Memorandum for J. Edgar Hoover on Proposed Organization for Exchange of American and Soviet Films
                        A heavily redacted memorandum on a report from the Assistant Attorney General regarding a proposed organization to exchange Soviet and American films, which would involve film director Mikhail Kalatozov.

                      • SEPTEMBER 29, 1944
                        Letter, Igor V. Kurchatov, Director of the Soviet Nuclear Program, to Lavrenti Beria
                        In this letter, physicist Igor V. Kurchatov, the scientific director of the Soviet nuclear project, writes to secret police chief Lavrenti Beria, whom Stalin had given principal responsibility for the atomic effort. Prodded by his own scientists and by intelligence reports of the secret Anglo-American atomic enterprise, Stalin had initiated a small-scale Soviet nuclear weapons program in late 1942-early 1943. But the level of support political leaders had given the project failed to satisfy Kurchatov, who pleaded with Beria for additional backing.

                      • SEPTEMBER 30, 1944
                        Letter No. 340 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

                      • OCTOBER 02, 1944
                        Letter from Boris Merkulov (USSR People’s Commissar for State Security) to Lavrenty Beria (USSR People’s Commissar for Internal Affairs)
                        Letter from Merkulov to Beria regarding the KGB’s efforts to obtain information about the creation of the atomic bomb and specifically about the related problems with uranium

                      • OCTOBER 09, 1944
                        Record of Meeting at the Kremlin, Moscow, 9 October 1944, at 10 p.m.
                        Churchill, Eden, Stalin, and Molotov discuss the leadership in Poland, Britains interests in Greece and Hong Kong, the actions of Romania and Bulgaria during the war, Turkey, the need for the Great Powers to exert influence on the Balkans to prevent small wars, the leadership of Italy, interests in Bulgaria and Romania, the dividing of Germany and Germany's future, and the American plans in the war against Japan.

                      • OCTOBER 10, 1944
                        Record of Meeting at the Kremlin, Moscow on 10 October 1944, at 7 p.m.
                        Eden and Molotov discuss the post-war situation in the Balkans, the installment of a Control Commission to influence Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia and Germany as well as the dividing of these countries and which Great Power should exert control on each country.

                      • OCTOBER 13, 1944
                        Record of Meeting Held at Spiridonovka House on 13 October at 5 p.m.
                        M. Mikolajczyk discusses the Polish memorandum regarding the reconstruction and internal affairs of post-war Poland, Stalin reprimands Mikolajczyk for the extralegal approval of this memorandum. Churchill defends the memorandum, Stalin criticizes it, and Mikolajczyk emphasizes Poland's sovereignty as well as the legitimacy of the underground government in occupied Poland. Contentious discussion on the issue of the Curzon Line between Stalin and Mikolajczyk--Churchill acts as a mediator.

                        • OCTOBER 16, 1944
                          Information Letter from Yasnovsky to Cdes. Petrov and Plyshevsky
                          Yasnovsky reports on developments in Xinjiang since the arrival of a new governor, Wu Zhongxin.

                        • OCTOBER 17, 1944
                          Record of Meeting Held at the Kremlin on 17 October 1944, at 10 p.m.
                          Churchill and Stalin discuss the progress of the war in Europe and its brutality. They propose three alternative plans of German dismemberment and how German assets should be divided among the Allies. They discuss further punishments and reparations.

                        • OCTOBER 22, 1944
                          Minutes of the PWP CC Meetings on 22 October 1944
                          Bierut describes the meeting between Mikolajczyk, Stalin, and Churchill, discussing how Stalin rejected Mikolajczyk's memorandum on the Polish situation. Bierut, Churchill, and Stalin discuss the rebuilding of Poland: Churchill thinks reforms should be postponed until after the war, Stalin and Bierut disagree. Beirut and Mikolajczyk discuss the Curzon line and the PKWN. In a final meeting, Churchill, Stalin, and Bierut discuss Polands economy and infrastructure.

                        • OCTOBER 23, 1944
                          Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov
                          Report on the conclusion of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov's trip to the United States and various negotiations with American film companies.

                        • OCTOBER 25, 1944
                          Letter No. 373 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

                        • NOVEMBER 09, 1944
                          Letter No. 402 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King
                          The Canadian Ambassador to the Soviet Union, L.D. Wilgress, thoroughly reviews Soviet foreign policy in Europe, Asia, and in Latin America and its relations with the United States and the United Kingdom. Wilgress optimistically concludes that "the Soviet Government are desirous of co-operating fully with the other great powers."

                        • NOVEMBER 19, 1944
                          Defense Ministry Intelligence Report on the Domestic Political Situation in Bulgaria
                          A Defense Ministry intelligence report on the domestic political developments for the month of October 1944. Among the discussed issues are the activities of the anti-communist opposition, the popular perception toward the Soviet occupation and the state of the armed forces.

                        • NOVEMBER 19, 1944
                          Record of the Conversation of Comrade I.V. Stalin with the General Secretary of the CC French Communist Party, Comrade Thorez
                          French communist Comrade Thorez and Stalin discuss the situation of the Communist Party in France.

                        • NOVEMBER 24, 1944
                          Federal Bureau of Investigation Teletype on Conclusion of Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov
                          Notice of the continued microphone surveillance following the departure of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov for the Soviet Union.

                        • NOVEMBER 25, 1944
                          Letter No. 425 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

                        • NOVEMBER 28, 1944
                          Memorandum from J. Edgar Hoover to United States Attorney General
                          FBI director Hoover recommends continued surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov's former residence in Los Angeles.

                        • NOVEMBER 29, 1944
                          Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov
                          Report on Soviet film director Kalatozov's activities in New York City and contacts with members of the American film industry.

                        • DECEMBER 02, 1944
                          Account of General de Gaulle's Meeting with Marshal Stalin Saturday, 2 December at 21:00 at the Kremlin
                          Stalin and de Gaulle discuss General de Gaulle's recent trip to Baku, the need to establish a strong France and Russia in the new European order, and Germany's future western border with France. The leaders discuss a 20-year treaty of alliance between the two nations.

                        • DECEMBER 06, 1944
                          Record of Conversation between S. P. Kirsanov with L. Patrashkanu about the Newly Formed Government of Romania
                          Discussion between Kirsanov and Lucretiu Patrascanu (a Romanian communist politician and leading member of the Communist Party of Romania) about the newly formed Redesku government in Romania. Patrascanu is very critical of the development and believes that the new government is a step backward. Kirsanov demurs and says that he refrained from commenting on the issue. The two agree to meet again the next day.

                        • DECEMBER 06, 1944
                          Record of Conversation of D. G. Yakovlev of the Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria with S. Moshanov, Former Chairman of the People's Council of Bulgaria
                          A discussion in Sofia, Bulgaria between Stoicho Moshanov and D.G. Yakovlev. The two issues discussed were the internal political situation in Bulgaria and British policy in Bulgaria

                        • DECEMBER 06, 1944
                          Conversation between General de Gaulle and Marshal Stalin at the Kremlin 6 December 1944 from 18:00 to 19:45
                          General de Gaulle and Marshal Stalin discuss the historical affinity between France and Poland, France's aim to support a Poland that can stand up to Germany in the future, France's support of the Curzon line as well as it insistence that Poland should remain an independent state. Stalin and de Gaulle discuss the concept of a "western bloc" of European nations, de Gaulle assures Stalin he has no aims to create such an alliance. De Gaulle reaffirms France's support for Poland as well as the need for friendship between France, Poland, and the USSR. They discuss the creation of a new league of nations.

                        • DECEMBER 08, 1944
                          Conversation between General de Gaulle and Marshal Stalin Friday 8 December 1944
                          General de Gaulle discusses France's positions on the German question in terms of Germany's borders, disarmament, and alliances. De Gaulle insists that Germany's Western border should not extend past the Rhine and that the country should be disarmed militarily, economically, and morally. He argues that international alliances between the USSR and France should be multilayered, and should include some involvement United States. Stalin argues for the benefit of a tripartite pact between the USSR, France, and England. Stalin then describes a pact between the USSR and France to bolster Poland.

                        • DECEMBER 14, 1944
                          Minutes from a Meeting of the Politburo Held on 14 December 1944
                          Bierut's account of three conversations with Stalin held between 6 and 14 December 1944. Stalin and Bierut discuss Poland's internal politics. In another meeting, Stalin and Bierut discuss France's attitude toward Poland; Stalin says that France only agreed to support Poland under pressure from the USSR.

                        • DECEMBER 16, 1944
                          Initiative Group formed for the Interim National Congress of Hungary
                          Memo from I. Lavrov to V.G. Dekanozov regarding information provided by G.M. Pushkin about the creation of an initiative group for convening the Interim National Congress of Hungary. Pushkin recommends confirming St. Petri Kun Bela as the Chairman of the INC. Pushkin recommends Shanta Gal'man for the post of Deputy Chairman. He also confirms Yuhas Nady as the Second Deputy Chairman.

                        • DECEMBER 18, 1944
                          Minutes from a Meeting of the Military Division of the CC PPR Relating to Information Provided by Gen. Rola-Żymierski from his Talks with Stalin
                          Polish representatives discuss their country's military with Stalin.