October 14, 2020

Draft decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR on the national economic plan for the third quarter of 1931

A source: 
http://sovdoc.rusarchives.ru
Archive: 
RGASPI. F. 17. Op. 3.D. 834.L. 27-36.
Appendix No. 3
to p. 11, ave. PB No.  47.

Resolution of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR of  July , 1931  No.

National economic plan for the III quarter of 1931

(Approved by the Politburo of the Central Committee on July 5, 1931).

We have achieved a number of indisputable successes in the struggle to fulfill the plan for the third decisive year of the five-year plan. Already in the spring of 1931, more than half of the peasant farms were involved in collective farms.

Thus, the task set in the field of collectivization by the plan of the third year of the five-year plan was solved, and the socialist sector in agriculture received an absolute preponderance over the individual sector.

Victories are being won one after another in the struggle for the early fulfillment of the five-year plan. A number of the largest enterprises and selected industries have fulfilled their five-year plan in 2½ years. More and more major enterprises of our socialist industry are added to the red list of enterprises that have fulfilled their five-year plan.

The most serious victories were also achieved in the struggle for the fulfillment of the plan for the spring sowing campaign. The sown areas in the spring of 1931 had already significantly exceeded the sown areas in the spring of 1930. By June 20, the MTS had exceeded the planned spring sowing program for them by 12%. sowing 20.26 million hectares.

By June 20, over 58 million hectares had been sown by 200 thousand collective farms, which united 13 million peasant farms, while 12 million individual peasant farms had sown only 28 million hectares. As a result, the sown area of ​​the socialist sector of agriculture (collective farms together with state farms) reached over 70% of the total area of ​​spring crops. All this testifies to the fact that the collective farm peasantry has become the central figure in agriculture, and the elimination of the kulaks as a class on the basis of complete collectivization is coming to an end not only in grain crops, but also in the raw material regions of our Union.

Along with the indisputable successes we have achieved in implementing the plan for the third and decisive year of the five-year plan, the results of the first half of the year testify to the unsatisfactory progress in fulfilling the plan by individual branches of industry and transport. The development of industrial production and construction has significantly lagged behind the planned targets in a number of industries, the fulfillment of the task to reduce the cost is extremely unsatisfactory, the plan for rail transportation is not being fulfilled, etc.

Underfulfillment of planned targets for industry is largely overtaken by transport difficulties in the 1st and early 2nd quarters, difficulties with labor force, in view of a sharp change in the situation in agriculture, a high turnover of workers, mainly due to the inconsistency of tariff policy ("equalization" ) new conditions, the presence of numerous facts of "depersonalization" in relation to workers to mechanisms, etc. It is of particular importance that economic organizations are clearly lagging behind in restructuring their work in accordance with new conditions and new tasks of their work, which is especially necessary in view of the rapid development of construction and an increase in production.

Underperformance of production programs, and, in particular, quality indicators, along with insufficient work to mobilize funds from the population, led to non-fulfillment of the financial plan for the first two quarters, to the impossibility of forming the intended state reserve and to the need for some increase in prices for a number of manufactured goods.

Noting that there are material and technical prerequisites for fulfilling the plan for the third and decisive year of the five-year plan, and that the broad masses of the working class and working people are experiencing further growth in production and the development of emulation and shock work, the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR considers it absolutely necessary to fulfill the national economic the plan for the third quarter, based on the tasks set in the annual plan, special attention in the plan for the third quarter should be paid to the fulfillment of the task for coal and metallurgy, to the preparation and successful completion of the harvesting campaign plan and to the preparation of transport for autumn transportation ...

Based on this, the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR proposes:

by industry

1. To establish the size of the gross industrial output planned by the Supreme Council of the National Economy for the third quarter of 1931 at 6.970 million rubles, which will amount to 26.6% of the annual plan. For the NKSnab industry, set the gross output at 1.105 million rubles.

Establish the following tasks for the main industries:

for the extraction of coal ..................... 23 million tons
for coke burning ........................... 2.350 thousand tons
for oil production ........................... 7.600 thousand tons
for pig iron smelting ........................ 2.030 thousand tons
for hire ................................ 1.730 thousand tons
in mechanical engineering ...................... 1.344 million rubles.
steam locomotives NKPS ................................. 285 pieces
freight wagons in 2-axis calculation ..... 16.040 units
for agricultural machine building 230.0 million rubles.
combines ................................... 2.000 pieces
electrical engineering ........................ 300 million rubles.
for tractors ............................... 15.280 pieces
for the procurement of commercial timber ....... 9.9 million kb. meter
for cement ........................... 10.800 thousand barrels
for shoes ................................... 24 million pairs
for sugar ................................... 260 thousand tons
for fish ..................................... 760 thousand tons
for canned food ............................ 330 million cans
for vegetable oil ....................... 35 thousand tons
by cigarettes ............................. 20 billion pieces
for confectionery .................... 135 thousand tons

To oblige the VSNKh and NKSnab to achieve in the third quarter of 1931 a decrease in the cost of production in the amount of 10% (with tax) against the average annual cost of 1930.

2. The volume of capital investments in the industry, planned by the Supreme Council of the National Economy, shall be 2.280 million rubles; in the industry planned by NKSnab, 240 million rubles. and in the industry planned by NKVneshtorg - 25 million rubles.

on power construction

1. Capital work on regional power plants is set in the amount of 270 million rubles.

2. The increase in the capacity of regional power plants for the III quarter is set at 391 thousand kW.

3. Electricity generation by district power plants to establish in the III quarter of 1931 at 1.275 million kW. hours.

on transport and communications.

Accept the following quests:

a) freight turnover by rail in the III-nd quarter should amount to 88 million tons against 77 million tons according to the plan of the II-nd quarter;

b) the cargo turnover of river transport should be 30 million tons with a delay or 39.5% of the annual target;

c) the average daily loading of 66 thousand wagons.

Capital investments for NKPS should be set at 750 million rubles, for Tsudotrans - 140 million rubles, for NKVod - 115 million rubles. and for civil aviation - 40 million rubles.

Capital investments in communications should be set at 56 million rubles.

in agriculture

A significant increase in collectivization in the spring of 1931, the coverage of collective farms by more than half of the poor and middle peasants of the USSR, the successful implementation of the plan for the sowing campaign in MTS and state farms - set the following main tasks for agriculture in the 3rd quarter:

a) further deployment and piecework coverage of all collective farmers;

b) fully and timely harvesting and storage of crops with maximum control of losses;

c) the development of animal husbandry on state farms and collective farm commodity farms and the creation of a fodder base as the main prerequisite for a decisive struggle for the socialization of the large-scale livestock industries of collective farmers;

d) execution of the program according to p. x. construction, primarily of silos and livestock buildings, grain and vegetable stores, enterprises for the primary processing of industrial raw materials and livestock products;

e) carrying out the winter campaign and preparation of winter plowing in the amount established by the 1931 plan.

According to this:

1. To oblige the Supreme Council of the National Economy of the USSR to complete the production of harvesting machines in full in the amount established by the resolution of the Enforcement Commission dated 04/29/1931 and to hand over in the 3rd quarter of the NKZ USSR all equipment for the amount of at least 200 million rubles, including harvesting machines agricultural and threshing machines at least 140 million rubles. To increase the number of MTS by the end of the 3rd quarter to 1308 with a tractor fleet in MTS to 650 thousand HP.

2. To complete the herd in state farms and collective farm commodity farms during June and the 3rd quarter in the following amounts: for cattle - 1200 thousand heads, for pig breeding - 315 thousand heads, for sheep breeding - 2000 thousand heads. To oblige the NKSnab of the USSR and Soyuzmyaso to procure and deliver on time to trusts and collective farm commodity farms the specified amount of livestock.

3. To approve for the III quarter the amount of capital investments in agriculture in the amount of 1.170 million rubles. Of this amount, to approve 172.9 million rubles for silos and livestock buildings, 46.5 million rubles for grain and vegetable stores, 99.5 million rubles for the purchase of productive livestock.

for construction in general.

1. Determine the total volume of capital investments in the national economy for the III quarter at 5.800 million rubles.

2. Propose to all departments, based on quarterly limits, to establish firm title lists of construction for the third quarter with a maximum concentration of investments and material and financial resources at the most important construction sites, so that, first of all, the facilities put into operation within 2 Half a year, and submit these lists for approval by the STO through the USSR State Planning Committee.

3. Simultaneously with the submission of title lists for the III quarter, the assumptions about the construction plan for them for the 4th quarter should be given for the whole range of the most important objects.

according to the financial plan.

The total volume of the financial plan for the III quarter of 1931 shall be determined in the revenue part at 9.877 million rubles and in the expenditure part at 9.877 million rubles.

Considering the enormous tasks of financing the national economy in the third quarter, to oblige the NKF, State Bank, VSNKh, NKPS, Narkomsnab and all other economic people's commissariats to economic agencies, as well as SNK of the union republics and the region (region) executive committees unconditionally ensure the fulfillment of all income items of the financial plan, as through the mobilization of funds from the population and trade, and especially through the internal resources of economic agencies on the basis of the further introduction of cost accounting and a saving regime.

Significant under-fulfillment of the plan for the first half of the year poses particularly important tasks for the third quarter, which is of decisive importance for the fulfillment of the plan for the third year of the five-year plan.

In the presence of the material and technical security of the plan, its full implementation is directly dependent on the ability of economic organizations to restructure in accordance with the new situation created by the rapid growth of industry and the socialist restructuring of agriculture. From relying on a spontaneous influx of labor, it is necessary to move on to organizing the influx of new workers, their training and consolidation in enterprises. The salary system must be rebuilt from the point of view of eliminating impersonality and equalization and ensuring an incentive to improve qualifications and eliminate turnover. The most decisive way is to end the impersonality that leads to deterioration in the use of equipment, slowdown in the growth of labor productivity, etc.

The issue of attitudes towards specialists should be resolved in a new way: along with speeding up work on training new cadres, all old specialists who strive to actively participate in socialist construction should be used as much as possible.

Finally, self-financing should be introduced more energetically and decisively into the entire work of economic organizations - the main condition for a serious growth in savings in the socialist sector and the most important prerequisite for a successful struggle against the mismanagement and bureaucratic clumsiness of economic organizations.

All the forces of the working class and collective farmers must be thrown into the struggle for the fulfillment of the plan for the decisive quarter of the third year of the five-year plan, which requires on the part of the governing bodies a real strengthening of concrete practical leadership in all economic development.

Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR

Administrator of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR

Capital work plan for the third quarter of 1931

(in million rubles)

Purpose of funds
Appointed for 1931
recalculated
Appointed for the 1st quarter
Appointed for the II-nd quarter
Estimated for the III quarter
I.  National  economy :
 
 
 
 
1.  Industry :
 
 
 
 
a) industry of VSNKh
6.067
1.000
1.803
2.280
b) other industry
400
115
120
145
c) handicraft-industrial cooperation
148
32
41
50
d) disabled cooperation
fifteen
3
4
3
e) fishing cooperation
26
five
6
2
f) industry of grassroots subordination
25
five
five
five
Total by industry
6.681
1.160
1.979
2.486
2.  Electrification : (district stations)
833
150
220
270
3.  Agriculture :
 
 
 
 
a) public sector
1.934
509
513
661
b) Traktorocenter
520
162
102
159
c) collective farms
955
269
254
310
d) c. x. cooperation and individual. economy
165
60
61
20
e) science and personnel
69
ten
20
20
f) reserves
100
-
-
-
Agriculture total
3.743
1.000
950
1.170
4.  Utilities and housing
603
70
110
160
5.  Housing cooperation
98
12
20
25
6. Supply and trade
 
 
 
 
a) associations of NKVneshtorg
92
eleven
25
25
b) associations of NKSnaba
609
120
145
240
Total for trade
701
131
170
265
7. Consumer cooperation
404
75
113
115
8. Air civil transport
121
thirty
thirty
40
9. Tsudotrans and Soyuztrans
444
87
112
140
10. Transport NKPS
2.213
351
488
750
11. Water transport
433
92
90
115
12. Communication
254
48
48
56
13. Economic agencies of the NKF
3
five
2
1
Total for the national economy
16.531
3.211
4.332
5.593
II. Socio- cultural events
 
 
 
 
1. Enlightenment
378
50
55
90
2. Healthcare
244
thirty
38
60
3. Bodies of labor protection and social security
ten
five
-
-
Total social cult. activities
632
85
93
150
III. Narkomvoenmor
200
40
70
57
IV. other expenses
43
-
-
-
Total
17.406
3.336
4.495
5.800

 

Unified financial plan of the USSR for the third quarter of 1931

Income

(in million rubles)
Sources of coverage
Estimated for the III quarter
Profit
Depreciation
Accrual
to the markup
on social-cult.
needs
Other
facilities
Total
I. Funds of the socialized sector
 
 
 
 
 
1. Industry:
 
 
 
 
 
a) industry of VSNKh
510
165
55
6
736
b) handicraft industry. cooperation
83
4
23
1
111
c) disabled cooperation
12
-
2
-
fourteen
d) fishing cooperation
-
1
-
1
2
e) prom ‑ st of lower subordination
nine
-
-
-
nine
 
614
170
80
8
872
2. District power plants
fifteen
fifteen
-
-
thirty
H. Agriculture
19
45
five
eleven
80
4. Utilities
200
17
1
4
222
5. Forestry
-
-
-
five
five
6. State trade
 
 
 
 
 
a) merger of NKVneshtorg
1
1
-
1
3
b) unification of NKSnaba
199
thirty
3
12
244
c) special commodity fund
-
-
-
275
275
7. Consumer cooperation
114
fourteen
50
five
183
8. Transport
 
 
 
 
 
Tsudotrans, Soyuztrans
ten
7
-
-
17
NKPS
648
162
1
46
857
water
61
22
-
6
89
9. Communication
66
-
-
1
67
10. Credit institutions
115
-
-
761
876
11. Economic agencies of NKFin
3
-
-
1
4
12. Special. funds of departments, consisting. on the sovereign. and local budget
-
-
-
32
32
13. Others
-
-
20
100
120
Total for I
2.065
483
160
1.268
3.976
II. Tax
 
 
 
 
 
1. Agricultural tax
-
-
-
-
225
2. Sales tax
-
-
-
-
3.215
3. Customs revenue
-
-
-
-
80
4. Other taxes
-
-
-
-
110
5. Local taxes and fees
-
-
-
-
55
6. Fee for worker housing construction
-
-
-
-
60
Total for II
-
-
-
-
3.745
III.  Funds of insurance organizations
 
 
 
 
 
1. Social insurance
-
-
-
-
590
2. State insurance
-
-
-
-
230
Total for III
-
-
-
-
820
IV.  Raised funds of the population
 
 
 
 
 
1. Loans
-
-
-
-
325
2. Self-taxation
-
-
-
-
125
3. Contributions and shares in cooperation
-
-
-
-
233
4. Savings banks
-
-
-
-
85
5. Bonds of Traktorocenter
-
-
-
-
45
6. Repayment of loans on the defense industry complex of the State Bank
-
-
-
-
135
7. Others
-
-
-
-
fifteen
8. Advances for agricultural machinery
-
-
-
-
24
Total for IV
-
-
-
-
987
V. Union funds
-
-
-
-
100
Vi. Unallocated funds
-
-
-
-
80
TOTAL
-
-
-
-
9.543
Equity participation in capital investments :
 
 
 
 
 
collective farms
-
-
-
-
133
from. x. cooperation and individual. farms
-
-
-
-
thirteen
irrigation
-
-
-
-
3
collective farm contributions to the cultural fund
-
-
-
-
20
TOTAL
-
-
-
-
9.877

Unified financial plan of the USSR for the third quarter of 1931

Costs

(in million rubles)
Purpose of funds
Capital investment
Strengthening working capital
Operating and other expenses
Total for the 3rd quarter
Appointed for 1931
recalculated
I. National economy
 
 
 
 
 
1.  Industry :
 
 
 
 
 
a) industry of VSNKh
2.280
+ 588¹ *
55
2923
7.799.0
b) other industry
146
fifteen
-
161
505.0
c) handicraft-industrial cooperation
50
47
7
104
281.0
d) disabled cooperation
3
ten
-
thirteen
42.0
e) fishing cooperation
2
2
-
4
28.9
f) industry of grassroots subordination
five
-
-
five
25.0
g) industry regulation
-
-
five
five
21.9
Total for industry
2.486
662
67
3215
8.702.8
2.  Electrification (district stations)
270
-
1
271
848
3.  Agriculture :
 
 
 
 
 
a) public sector
661
154
78
893
2.653.3
b) Traktorocenter
159
72
-
231
570.2
c) collective farms
310
2
33
345
1.141.0
d) c. x. cooperation and individual. economy
20
ten
2
32
170.6
e) science and personnel
20
-
-
20
69.0
f) reserve
-
-
-
-
100.0
g) regulation of agriculture
-
-
7
7
35.1
Total for agriculture
1.170
238
120
1.528
4.739.2
4.  Utilities and housing
160
-
35
195
753.3
5.  Housing cooperation
25
-
-
25
98.0
6. Supply and trade
 
 
 
 
 
a) associations of NKVneshtorg
25
thirty
-
55
80.0
b) associations of NKSnaba
240
468
five
713
2.138.4
c) trade regulation
-
-
ten
five
20.6
Total for trade
265
498
ten
773
2.239.1
7.  Consumer cooperation
113
100
1
216
504.0
Air civil transport
40
-
nine
49
150.0
9.  Transport NKPS
750
34
8
792
2.754.7
10.  Tsudotrans and Soyuztrans
140
1
8
149
-
11.  Water transport
115
-
1
116
447.2
12.  Communication
56
-
-
56
254.1
13.  Economic agencies of the NKF
1
1
1
3
2.9
14.  Other activities
-
-
55
55
36.6
Total for the national economy
5.593
1.534
316
7.443
21.529.9
II. Socio- cultural events
 
 
 
 
 
1. Enlightenment
90
-
818
908
3.628.9
2. Healthcare
60
-
270
330
1.202.7
3. Bodies of labor protection and social security
-
-
240
240
1.036.8
4. Adm. social cultural work
-
-
sixteen
sixteen
68.4
Total social cult. activities
150
-
1.344
1.494
5.936.8
III. NK Voenmore
27
-
293
350
1.310.0
IV. Specialist. troops
-
-
36
36
128.0
V. Management
-
-
163
163
696.2
Vi.  Reserve  and  other  funds
-
-
116
116
433.5
Vii. State Loan Payments
-
-
100
100
382.0
VIII. Gosstrakh
-
-
131
131
285.9
IX. other expenses
-
-
17
17
122.3
Total expenses
5.800
1.534
2.516
9.850
30.824.6
Payments carried over since 1930
-
-
-
-
350.0
Abbreviation for admin. expenses
-
-
-thirty
-thirty
‑100.0
 
5.800
1.534
2.486
9.820
31.074.6
Insurance fund
-
-
57
57
163.0
TOTAL :
5.800
1.534
2.543
9.877
31.237.6
¹ * In addition, 6.3 million rubles. pass under Art. 14 to increase the working capital of Soyuztsetmet.